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Classmate #1 post: 
 Immigration Policy Reform
The comprehensive immigration reform is a policy that first gained momentum in the year 2001 in the United States of America, which was meant to increase the legalization of the unauthorized in I might run in the United States as one of the mechanisms of bringing in future work is required by the United States labor market. They might question whether reform would touch almost all the facets of the United States immigration system but would come with the different economic, social, and ethical implications (Brooks, 2020). There was, therefore, a need to address the immigration policy reform to overcome such challenges, as demonstrated below.
The economic impacts of illegal immigration into the United States declared that the revenue and the Taxes that the unauthorized immigrants generate do not offset the total cost of the services provided to them by the government. The center for immigration studies estimates that the cost associated with illegal immigration into the United States is at least 10.4 billion dollars annually. In addition, the willingness of the illegal immigrants to operate or work at the subpar wages would have to deflate influence the salary, which is difficult to estimate (Wolff, 2021). Most illegal immigrants often work in the jobs that Americans who are authorized to work or are unwilling to do. In most cases, the illegal immigrants will compete with the legal immigrants and the Citizens in securing job opportunities.
The presence of illegal immigrants in the United States and the legalization of the same group would lead to different social challenges, including a rise in the crime rate. This is since most of these groups are jobless and undereducated; therefore, their chances of securing well-paying jobs are low, and most of them end up in illegal activities such as drug trafficking and others (“undefined,” 2013). The ever-increasing number of illegal immigrants into the United States of America has the insinuation of an increased level of unemployment which motivate most of the individuals engage in illegal practices such as stealing, shoplifting, carjacking, and other criminal activities. Failure to reconsider the stipulations of the immigration policy reform that was meant to allow the legalization of such individuals would lead to different vices, including moral decay in the society (“undefined,” 2013). The immigrants often are concentrated in the outskirts of major cities or in the slum regions, which have higher activities and contribute to unethical practices, including racism and discrimination as the legal citizens and immigrants would react against such groups, which may result to violence (Brooks, 2020). Legalizing such individuals would only increase the burden of the government in funding and catering for the basic needs of such individuals, yet their economic productivity is diminished.
References
Brooks, T. (2020). undefined. SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3751588
undefined. (2013). Immigration and Public Opinion in Liberal Democracies, 355-378. doi:10.4324/9780203095133-23
Wolff, S. (2021). The security sector governance–migration nexus: Rethinking how security sector governance matters for migrants’ rights. Ubiquity Press.

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Classmate # 2 post: 
 The high rate of immigration is a significant issue in the United States. The immigration policy reform was introduced to control the rate of immigration in the US. The main aim of the reform was to reduce the number of people entering the US from foreign countries. It increased the border controls and security to reduce the number of foreigners entering the country through the borders. The immigration policy reform also made it illegal for employers to deliberately recruit or hire employees unauthorized to work in the US. In addition, the immigration policy reform made the use of fraudulent work or entry documents illegal. In addition, the immigration policy reform made the use of fraudulent work or entry documents illegal. The following are the social, economic, and ethical reasons for addressing the reform in immigration policy.
Economic reasons involve the factors related to immigration that affect the country’s economic condition. One of the economic reasons for addressing immigration policy reform is increased pressure on employment. Most people migrate from their home countries to the US in search of employment opportunities (Chishti et al., 2021). Immigration increases the number of people in the US who are willing to work. This increases competition to the limited number of job opportunities available for Americans. Most employers prefer to hire immigrants since they are cheaper than skilled Americans. The immigration policy reform was introduced to reduce the number of people in the labor market and ensure more job opportunities for Americans (Chang, 2018). The other economic reason is income. Most immigrants are seen as a source of cheap labor since they are given a low salary. Low income reduces the purchasing power of the people, which affects economic growth. The immigration policy reform helped maintain proper income levels by ensuring that employers hire documented immigrants.
The social reasons entail the factors that affect the social life and well-being of the people. A significant social reason for addressing the immigration policy reform is the high crime rate. A high rate of immigration is associated with an increased crime rate in the US. The immigration policy reform was introduced to control illegal immigration, thus reducing the crime rate (Gubernskaya & Dreby, 2017). The other social reason is pressure on the available public services. The high immigration rate increased pressure on the public services available in the US, such as public hospitals and schools. The reform aimed at reducing this pressure to enhance the accessibility of public services among Americans (Chishti et al., 2021). Ethical reasons entail the factors that aim to enhance morality in society. Honesty is a significant ethical value in society. The immigration policy reform enhances honesty by ensuring that the immigrants are truthful in entering the US.
References
Chishti, M., Gelatt, J., Meissner, D., & Initiative, R. U. I. P. (2021). Rethinking the US Legal
            Immigration System. 
https://www.migrationpolicy.org/sites/default/files/publications/Rethinking-LegalImmigration-Roadmap_FINAL.pdf
Chang, H. (2018). The Economics of Immigration Reform The Economics of Immigration Reform Repository Citation Repository Citation. https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2991&context=faculty_scholarship
Gubernskaya, Z., & Dreby, J. (2017). US immigration policy and the case for family
            unity. Journal on Migration and Human Security, 5(2), 417-430.
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/233150241700500210

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